Linking Human Capital With Strategic Intent

Chalk Talk Factor B

chalk-talk-headerCHALK TALK provides advanced interpretation for 16PF users and is designed to assist in a greater understanding of the various performance factors outlined in the 16PF Personality Questionnaire.  This edition features…..

Factor B – Reasoning & Problem Solving Ability

The role of problem solving, critical thinking skills and intelligence in successful job performance varies a great deal with the cognitive demands of the job. In many jobs, personal stability and responsibility will be vastly more important. In other jobs, a minimal level of intellectual ability will be required for acceptable performance. However, the more significant the role, the greater the intellectual demands for the job. Because of these dynamics, it becomes more important for the employer to examine an applicant’s intelligence and critical thinking skills beyond their level of education.

Factor B is the measure of a person’s reasoning and problem-solving ability. Factor B is determined by the responses to the 15 reasoning problems at the end of the 16PF.  The problems consist of simple basic math, patterns and analogy questions. They measure a person’s ability to solve problems using three types of reasoning: verbal, numerical, and logical.

Scores on Factor B have shown significant correlations with performance in work settings.

  • Scores of 7.0 or greater indicate a higher level of reasoning and problem- solving.
  • Scores of 5.0 and 6.0 suggest an ability to function adequately
  • Scores of 4.0 or less should raise question as to whether the person has enough reasoning skills for jobs requiring a higher degree of problem-solving, especially in more senior level positions.

High Scores

Individuals with a high score on Factor B tend to be seen as bright, quick learners who also tend to be more adept at abstract thinking and problem solving. A high score (7 or above) suggests a person who is capable of conceptualizing and solving more complex issues. It has a high correlation to IQ, or a person’s natural intelligence described as perceptual reasoning.

It also has a high correlation to good grades in school and higher levels of education. Scores of 10 are no longer achievable since the assessment has updated norms. A score of 9 is the highest score possible when all 15 problems are answered correctly.

Moderate Scores

Moderate scores (5-6) suggest a modest degree of reasoning and problem-solving, and these individuals are likely to be comfortable with the majority of problem solving issues they may face. In some cases they may need more time to adapt or learn new concepts.

Low Scores

Lower scores on Factor B (1-4) suggest an individual who may have difficulty in reasoning or solving more complex items they may come across. Low scores raise concerns that the individual may have difficulty performing jobs of a more complex nature. These individuals tend to be more hands-on in their learning style and often times may need more time to reflect. They are more effective in situations where they have the background and experience to fall back on, or when performing jobs that are repetitive in nature. They may experience difficulty when faced with new things that are presented where they have no experience to draw from. The task or role of the job would need to be simpler by nature with consistent activities that can be remembered as a result of the continuous repetition of the task.

When scores are unexpectedly low on Factor B (especially 1-3), given the person’s educational level or other achievements, further investigation is warranted before a hiring decision is made. Because of this, when scores on Factor B are both low and consistent with the individual’s past accomplishments, then a positive hiring decision should be made only upon consideration of the importance of the required cognitive functioning for that particular position. There is significant relevance to a low score because you can statistically guess and still obtain a score of 3.

Further exploration:

Areas of Potential Concern...

Areas Regarding Education...

Case Studies...

What to Consider When Scores Low...

Questions to Explore Problem-Solving Abilities...

For more insight on Factor “B” or to find out about other assessments that measure intelligence, contact the office.

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